An antimalarial lipopeptide, ikoamide, was isolated from an Okeania sp. marine cyanobacterium. Its gross structure was established by spectroscopic analyses, and the absolute configuration was clarified based on a combination of chiral-phase HPLC analyses, spectroscopic analyses, and derivatization reactions. Ikoamide showed strong antimalarial activity with an IC50 value of 0.14 μM without cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines at 10 μM.
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