This study aimed to examine molecular mechanisms for endotoxin-induced adhesive changes in platelets in vivo. Platelets labeled with carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester were visualized in rat roesenteric venules through intravital microscopy assisted by a high-speed fluorescence video imager at 1000 frames per second or by a normal-speed intensifier under monitoring of erythrocyte velocity. Leukocyte rolling was examined by normal-speed transmission video images. The velocity of platelets traveling along the centerline of venules followed that of erythrocytes, whereas that measured at the periendothelial space was significantly smaller than the erythrocyte velocity; a majority of these cells exhibited transient but notable rolling with endothelium. Administration of endotoxin increased the density of periendothelial platelets and reduced the rolling velocities of platelets and leukocytes in venules: All events were attenuated by anti- rat P-selectin monoclonal antibody s789G or by anti-human glycoprotein (GP) Ibα monoclonal antibody GUR83/35, which blocks ristocetin-induced aggregation of rat platelets. Isolated rat platelets injected into endotoxin- pretreated rats were able to roll on the venules. This event was attenuated by pretreatment of platelets in vitro with GUR83/35 but not with s789G, suggesting involvement of endothelial P-selectin and platelet GP Ibα in the endotoxin-induced responses. Furthermore, isolated human platelets showed similar rolling interactions with endotoxin-preexposed rat venules, and pretreatment of the platelets with GUR83/35, but not with s789G, significantly reduced such interactions. Our results provide the first evidence for involvement of GP Ibα in endotoxin-induced microvascular rolling of platelets and leukocytes, and this system serves as a potentially useful tool to examine GP Ibα-associated function of human platelets in vivo.
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