Impact of 6-mo caloric restriction on myocardial ischemic tolerance: Possible involvement of nitric oxide-dependent increase in nuclear Sirt1

Ken Shinmura, Kayoko Tamaki, Roberto Bolli

研究成果: Article

96 引用 (Scopus)

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Ischemic tolerance decreases with aging, and the cardioprotective effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is impaired in middle-aged animals. We have demonstrated that short-term caloric restriction (CR) improves myocardial ischemic tolerance in young and old animals via the activation of adiponectin-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-mediated signaling. However, it is unknown whether prolonged CR confers cardioprotection in a similar manner. Furthermore, little is known regarding the myocardial expression of silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1; which reportedly mediates various aspects of the CR response) with prolonged CR. Thus, 6-mo-old male Fischer-344 rats were randomly divided into ad libitum (AL) and CR groups. Six months later, isolated perfused hearts were subjected to 25 min of global ischemia followed by 120 min of reperfusion with or without IPC. CR improved the recovery of left ventricular function and reduced infarct size after ischemia-reperfusion and restored the IPC effect. Serum adiponectin levels increased, but myocardial levels of total and phosphorylated AMPK did not change with prolonged CR. Total levels of Sirt1 did not change with CR; however, in the nuclear fraction, CR significantly increased Sirt1 and decreased acetyl-histone H3. Eleven rats from each group were given N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester in their drinking water for 4 wk before death. In these hearts, chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthase prevented the increase in nuclear Sirt1 content by CR and abrogated CR-induced cardioprotection. These results demonstrate that 1) prolonged CR improves myocardial ischemic tolerance and restores the IPC effect in middle-aged rats and 2) CR-induced cardioprotection is associated with a nitric oxide-dependent increase in nuclear Sirt1 content.

元の言語English
ジャーナルAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
295
発行部数6
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2008 12

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Caloric Restriction
Nitric Oxide
Ischemic Preconditioning
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
Adiponectin
Reperfusion
Ischemia
Inbred F344 Rats
Left Ventricular Function
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Drinking Water
Histones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

これを引用

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abstract = "Ischemic tolerance decreases with aging, and the cardioprotective effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is impaired in middle-aged animals. We have demonstrated that short-term caloric restriction (CR) improves myocardial ischemic tolerance in young and old animals via the activation of adiponectin-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-mediated signaling. However, it is unknown whether prolonged CR confers cardioprotection in a similar manner. Furthermore, little is known regarding the myocardial expression of silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1; which reportedly mediates various aspects of the CR response) with prolonged CR. Thus, 6-mo-old male Fischer-344 rats were randomly divided into ad libitum (AL) and CR groups. Six months later, isolated perfused hearts were subjected to 25 min of global ischemia followed by 120 min of reperfusion with or without IPC. CR improved the recovery of left ventricular function and reduced infarct size after ischemia-reperfusion and restored the IPC effect. Serum adiponectin levels increased, but myocardial levels of total and phosphorylated AMPK did not change with prolonged CR. Total levels of Sirt1 did not change with CR; however, in the nuclear fraction, CR significantly increased Sirt1 and decreased acetyl-histone H3. Eleven rats from each group were given N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester in their drinking water for 4 wk before death. In these hearts, chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthase prevented the increase in nuclear Sirt1 content by CR and abrogated CR-induced cardioprotection. These results demonstrate that 1) prolonged CR improves myocardial ischemic tolerance and restores the IPC effect in middle-aged rats and 2) CR-induced cardioprotection is associated with a nitric oxide-dependent increase in nuclear Sirt1 content.",
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N2 - Ischemic tolerance decreases with aging, and the cardioprotective effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is impaired in middle-aged animals. We have demonstrated that short-term caloric restriction (CR) improves myocardial ischemic tolerance in young and old animals via the activation of adiponectin-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-mediated signaling. However, it is unknown whether prolonged CR confers cardioprotection in a similar manner. Furthermore, little is known regarding the myocardial expression of silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1; which reportedly mediates various aspects of the CR response) with prolonged CR. Thus, 6-mo-old male Fischer-344 rats were randomly divided into ad libitum (AL) and CR groups. Six months later, isolated perfused hearts were subjected to 25 min of global ischemia followed by 120 min of reperfusion with or without IPC. CR improved the recovery of left ventricular function and reduced infarct size after ischemia-reperfusion and restored the IPC effect. Serum adiponectin levels increased, but myocardial levels of total and phosphorylated AMPK did not change with prolonged CR. Total levels of Sirt1 did not change with CR; however, in the nuclear fraction, CR significantly increased Sirt1 and decreased acetyl-histone H3. Eleven rats from each group were given N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester in their drinking water for 4 wk before death. In these hearts, chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthase prevented the increase in nuclear Sirt1 content by CR and abrogated CR-induced cardioprotection. These results demonstrate that 1) prolonged CR improves myocardial ischemic tolerance and restores the IPC effect in middle-aged rats and 2) CR-induced cardioprotection is associated with a nitric oxide-dependent increase in nuclear Sirt1 content.

AB - Ischemic tolerance decreases with aging, and the cardioprotective effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is impaired in middle-aged animals. We have demonstrated that short-term caloric restriction (CR) improves myocardial ischemic tolerance in young and old animals via the activation of adiponectin-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-mediated signaling. However, it is unknown whether prolonged CR confers cardioprotection in a similar manner. Furthermore, little is known regarding the myocardial expression of silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1; which reportedly mediates various aspects of the CR response) with prolonged CR. Thus, 6-mo-old male Fischer-344 rats were randomly divided into ad libitum (AL) and CR groups. Six months later, isolated perfused hearts were subjected to 25 min of global ischemia followed by 120 min of reperfusion with or without IPC. CR improved the recovery of left ventricular function and reduced infarct size after ischemia-reperfusion and restored the IPC effect. Serum adiponectin levels increased, but myocardial levels of total and phosphorylated AMPK did not change with prolonged CR. Total levels of Sirt1 did not change with CR; however, in the nuclear fraction, CR significantly increased Sirt1 and decreased acetyl-histone H3. Eleven rats from each group were given N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester in their drinking water for 4 wk before death. In these hearts, chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthase prevented the increase in nuclear Sirt1 content by CR and abrogated CR-induced cardioprotection. These results demonstrate that 1) prolonged CR improves myocardial ischemic tolerance and restores the IPC effect in middle-aged rats and 2) CR-induced cardioprotection is associated with a nitric oxide-dependent increase in nuclear Sirt1 content.

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KW - Myocardial ischemia

KW - Nutrition

KW - Preconditioning

KW - Reperfusion injury

KW - Silent information regulator 1

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