Purpose: To evaluate the effects of a short web-based educational program on Japanese nurses’ self-reported attitudes toward tobacco cessation and their use of interventions to help smokers to quit. Design: Prospective, single-group design with a pre-educational survey, a short web-based educational program, and a follow-up survey at 3 months. Methods: Clinical nurses were asked to view two prerecorded webcasts about helping smokers quit. They completed two online surveys, one at baseline and one at a 3-month follow-up. Generalized linear models were used to determine changes in nurses’ self-reported routine practice after the study intervention. Findings: A total of 1401 nurses responded to the baseline survey, 678 of whom completed the follow-up survey. Compared with baseline, nurses at follow-up were more likely to advise smokers to quit (odds ratio [OR] = 1.45, 95% confidence interval [CI: 1.15, 1.82]), assess patients’ interest in quitting (OR = 1.46, 95% CI [1.01, 1.04]), and assist patients with smoking cessation (OR = 1.34, 95% CI [1.04, 1.72]). However, the proportion of nurses who consistently recommended resources for tobacco cessation did not significantly improve at follow-up. Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence that a web-based educational program can increase nurses’ implementation of tobacco dependence interventions in cancer care practice. Sustaining these educational efforts could increase nurses’ involvement in providing these interventions, encourage nurses to refer patients to cessation resources, and support nurses’ attitudes towards their role in smoking cessation. Clinical relevance: Our short web-based educational program can increase nurses’ use of tobacco-dependence interventions in cancer care practice. This role can be enhanced with additional information about existing cessation resources that nurses could use to refer patients for support post-discharge. Japanese nurses, when properly educated, are willing and significant contributors to promote tobacco use cessation for cancer patients. The contribution can be facilitated through nursing care protocol that integrate tobacco use cessation interventions within evidence-based cancer care approaches.
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