Objectives: To evaluate the effects of a 2- month lifestyle intervention for dry eye disease in office workers. Methods: Prospective interventional study (randomized controlled study) . Forty-one middle-aged Japanese office workers (men, 22; women, 19; 39.2±8.0 years) with definite and probable dry eye disease were enrolled and randomized to an intervention group (n = 22) and a control group (n = 19). The intervention aimed at modifying diet, increasing physical activity, and encouraging positive thinking. The primary outcome was change in dry eye disease diagnoses. Secondary outcome was change in disease parameters, including dry eye symptoms, as assessed using the Dry Eye-Related Quality of Life Score, corneal and conjunctival staining scores, tear break-up time, and Schirmer test results. Results: A total of 36 participants (intervention group, 17; control group, 19) completed the study. The number of definite dry eye disease diagnoses decreased from four to none (p = .05), and the dry eye symptom score showed a significant decrease in the intervention group (p = .03). In contrast, the corneal and conjunctival staining scores, tear break-up time, and Schirmer test results did not differ significantly between groups. Conclusions: The 2-month lifestyle intervention employed in this study improved dry eye disease status among office workers, with a considerable decrease in subjective symptoms. Lifestyle intervention may be a promising management option for dry eye disease, although further investigation of long-term effects are required.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health