Time-sequential responses to endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilators and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors were studied in the subendocardial arterioles (Endo) of canine renovascular hypertension (HT) compared with subepicardial arterioles (Epi; both <120 μm) by charge-coupled device intravital microscope. Vascular responses to acetylcholine, papaverine, and cilazaprilat were compared between normotensive (NT) and HT dogs [4 wk and 12 wk of HT (4wHT and 12wHT)]. The acetylcholine-induced vasodilation of Endo in both 4wHT and 12wHT was smaller than that of NT (both P < 0.01 vs. 4wHT and 12wHT), and that of Epi was smaller than that of NT only in 12wHT (P < 0.05). The papaverine-induced vasodilation of Endo, but not Epi, was impaired only in 12wHT (both P < 0.01 vs. NT and 4wHT). Vasodilation by cilazaprilat remained unchanged at 4wHT and 12wHT in both Epi and Endo. In conclusion, at the early stage, the endothelium-dependent response of Endo was impaired, whereas at the later stage, the endothelium-dependent and -independent responses of Endo and the endothelium-dependent response of Epi were impaired. However, the vasodilatory responses to the ACE inhibitor were maintained in both Endo and Epi of HT.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 5月 1|
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