Increase in the Intracellular Bulk Water Content in the Early Phase of Cell Death of Keratinocytes, Corneoptosis, as Revealed by 65 GHz Near-Field CMOS Dielectric Sensor

Keiichiro Shiraga, Yuichi Ogawa, Shojiro Kikuchi, Masayuki Amagai, Takeshi Matsui

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

While bulk water and hydration water coexist in cells to support the expression of biological macromolecules, how the dynamics of water molecules, which have long been only a minor role in molecular biology research, relate to changes in cellular states such as cell death has hardly been explored so far due to the lack of evaluation techniques. In this study, we developed a high-preci-sion measurement system that can discriminate bulk water content changes of ±0.02% (0.2 mg/cm3) with single-cell-level spatial resolution based on a near-field CMOS dielectric sensor operating at 65 GHz. We applied this system to evaluate the temporal changes in the bulk water content during the cell death process of keratinocytes, called corneoptosis, using isolated SG1 (first layer of stratum granulosum) cells in vitro. A significant irreversible increase in the bulk water content was observed approximately 1 h before membrane disruption during corneoptosis, which starts with cytoplasmic high Ca2+ signal. These findings suggest that the calcium flux may have a role in triggering the increase in the bulk water content in SG1 cells. Thus, our near-field CMOS dielectric sensor provides a valuable tool to dissect the involvement of water molecules in the various events that occur in the cell.

本文言語English
論文番号2886
ジャーナルMolecules
27
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 5月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分析化学
  • 化学(その他)
  • 分子医療
  • 薬科学
  • 創薬
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 有機化学

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