Increased L1 retrotransposition in the neuronal genome in schizophrenia

Miki Bundo, Manabu Toyoshima, Yohei Okada, Wado Akamatsu, Junko Ueda, Taeko Nemoto-Miyauchi, Fumiko Sunaga, Michihiro Toritsuka, Daisuke Ikawa, Akiyoshi Kakita, Motoichiro Kato, Kiyoto Kasai, Toshifumi Kishimoto, Hiroyuki Nawa, Hideyuki Okano, Takeo Yoshikawa, Tadafumi Kato, Kazuya Iwamoto

研究成果: Article査読

213 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Recent studies indicate that long interspersed nuclear element-1 (L1) are mobilized in the genome of human neural progenitor cells and enhanced in Rett syndrome and ataxia telangiectasia. However, whether aberrant L1 retrotransposition occurs in mental disorders is unknown. Here, we report high L1 copy number in schizophrenia. Increased L1 was demonstrated in neurons from prefrontal cortex of patients and in induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell-derived neurons containing 22q11 deletions. Whole-genome sequencing revealed brain-specific L1 insertion in patients localized preferentially to synapse- and schizophrenia-related genes. To study the mechanism of L1 transposition, we examined perinatal environmental risk factors for schizophrenia in animal models and observed an increased L1 copy number after immune activation by poly-I:C or epidermal growth factor. These findings suggest that hyperactive retrotransposition of L1 in neurons triggered by environmental and/or genetic risk factors may contribute to the susceptibility and pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)306-313
ページ数8
ジャーナルNeuron
81
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 1月 22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経科学(全般)

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