Purpose: There is no standardized surveillance protocol after intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) resection. We report the findings of a large-scale survey in Japan, investigating the independent predictors of secondary invasive tumors by analyzing the epidemiology of secondary tumors of the remnant pancreas after initial IPMN resection. Methods: An institutional questionnaire about the remnant pancreas after pancreas resection was distributed at the 41st Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Pancreatic Surgery in Tokyo. We retrospectively analyzed the patient data including pathological diagnosis, postoperative outcomes, and evaluation methods. Results: Redo pancreatectomy was performed for secondary disease in 213 (1.4%) of a total 15,777 patients. Eighty-eight of these 213 patients had undergone initial resection of IPMN. The types of secondary tumors after IPMN resection significantly depended on those of the primary tumors. Through short-interval and long-term follow-up, most of the secondary tumors were detected within 1–4 years. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the initial pathological diagnosis of invasive IPMN was an independent predictor of secondary invasive tumors in the remnant pancreas. Conclusion: Primary invasive IPMN proved to be a significant predictor of secondary invasive IPMN. Both short-interval and long-term follow-up may help to determine the prognosis of patients after IPMN resection.
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