Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) in patients with prostate cancer, particularly the relationship between prostate cancer progression and ONJ development. Study Design: This single-center, retrospective, observational study included 113 patients who received zoledronic acid or denosumab for prostate cancer with bone metastasis between January 2012 and March 2020. The risk of ONJ was evaluated regarding age; antiresorptive drugs; duration of antiresorptive treatment; prostate cancer status, including castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and prostate-specific antigen level; chemotherapy; radium-223 treatment; corticosteroid treatment; diabetes mellitus; and dental extractions. Results: Overall, 28 patients had ONJ; 10 patients received zoledronic acid and 18 patients received denosumab. Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that CRPC (odds ratio = 6.01; 95% confidence interval, 1.76-20.05; P = .004) and dental extractions (odds ratio = 12.40; 95% confidence interval, 3.42-44.70; P < .001) were significantly associated with ONJ. In addition, antiresorptive treatment lasting more than 1 year partially mediated between CRPC and development of ONJ. Conclusion: CRPC and dental extraction are risk factors for developing ONJ, and antiresorptive treatment lasting more than 1 year is a partial mediator between CRPC and ONJ.
|ジャーナル||Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2021 3月|
ASJC Scopus subject areas