Generally, manufacturing process of optical glass lenses, which are used for single lens reflex cameras, is classified into grinding and polishing for removing cracks generated by grinding. Thus, it is desired not to generate the cracks in grinding as much as possible. Because grinding condition with cracks differs depending on the material properties of the workpiece, suitable grinding condition needs to be selected based on a lot of experimental verifications. In addition, the controller's gain of the tool spindle with grinding wheel may be intentionally set to low value in ultra-precision grinding. Thus, the spindle speed may decrease even under servo control because of grinding load. In this study, the influence of servo characteristics on crack generation is evaluated in ultra-precision grinding of optical glass lenses. Concretely, an optical glass lens was machined using an ultra-precision 5-axis grinding machine and servo information of tool spindle was monitored during the process. Comparison of the obtained servo information and the surface observation of the workpiece revealed that the spindle speed decreased and the number of the cracks increased at the outside of the workpiece. The experimental results suggested the possibility of estimating the grinding load and predicting the surface quality by monitoring the variation in the spindle speed.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2018|
|イベント||8th CIRP Conference on High Performance Cutting, HPC 2018 - Budapest, Hungary|
継続期間: 2018 6 25 → 2018 6 27
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