The classical 'end to end' gene fusion technique has widely been used for monitoring gene expression, biological screening and purification of recombinant proteins. Recent progress with the 'insertional' gene fusion approach, on the other hand, has demonstrated that this technique can be utilized for membrane protein topology analysis, display of randomized protein libraries and design of biosensor proteins. In this review, we describe examples of insertional gene fusion and compare the old and new gene fusion techniques. Copyright (C) 1999 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
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