Integrin Signaling in the Central Nervous System in Animals and Human Brain Diseases

Hiroko Ikeshima-Kataoka, Chikatoshi Sugimoto, Tatsuya Tsubokawa

研究成果: Review article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The integrin family is involved in various biological functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration, and also in the pathogenesis of disease. Integrins are multifunctional receptors that exist as heterodimers composed of α and β subunits and bind to various ligands, including extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins; they are found in many animals, not only vertebrates (e.g., mouse, rat, and teleost fish), but also invertebrates (e.g., planarian flatworm, fruit fly, nematodes, and cephalopods), which are used for research on genetics and social behaviors or as models for human diseases. In the present paper, we describe the results of a phylogenetic tree analysis of the integrin family among these species. We summarize integrin signaling in teleost fish, which serves as an excellent model for the study of regenerative systems and possesses the ability for replacing missing tissues, especially in the central nervous system, which has not been demonstrated in mammals. In addition, functions of astrocytes and reactive astrocytes, which contain neuroprotective subpopulations that act in concert with the ECM proteins tenascin C and osteopontin via integrin are also reviewed. Drug development research using integrin as a therapeutic target could result in breakthroughs for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and brain injury in mammals.

本文言語English
論文番号1435
ジャーナルInternational journal of molecular sciences
23
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 2月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 分子生物学
  • 分光学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 有機化学
  • 無機化学

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