In uplink multicairier code division multiple access (MC-CDMA), the inter-code interference (ICI) caused by the independent and frequency-selective fading channel of each user and the inter-carrier interference caused by the asynchronous reception of each user's OFDM symbols result in multiple access interference (MAI), This paper evaluates the ICI in frequency-selective Rayleigh fading channels for uplink MC-CDMA. We derive theoretical expressions for the desired-to-undesired signal power ratio (DUR) as a quantitative representation of ICI, and validate them by comparison with computer simulations using a Walsh-Hadamard (WH) code. Based on the analytical results, we obtain the optimum spreading sequence that minimizes the ICI (in short, maximizes the multiplexing performance); this sequence appears to be orthogonal. Three equalization combining methods are examined; equal gain combining (EGC), orthogonality restoring combining (ORC), and maximum ratio combining (MRC).
|ジャーナル||IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2004 8月|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- コンピュータ グラフィックスおよびコンピュータ支援設計