Interaction of hydraulic and buckling mechanisms in blowout fractures

Tomohisa Nagasao, Junpei Miyamoto, Hua Jiang, Tamotsu Tamaki, Tsuyoshi Kaneko

研究成果: Article査読

22 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The etiology of blowout fractures is generally attributed to 2 mechanisms-increase in the pressure of the orbital contents (the hydraulic mechanism) and direct transmission of impacts on the orbital walls (the buckling mechanism). The present study aims to elucidate whether or not an interaction exists between these 2 mechanisms. We performed a simulation experiment using 10 Computer-Aided-Design skull models. We applied destructive energy to the orbits of the 10 models in 3 different ways. First, to simulate pure hydraulic mechanism, energy was applied solely on the internal walls of the orbit. Second, to simulate pure buckling mechanism, energy was applied solely on the inferior rim of the orbit. Third, to simulate the combined effect of the hydraulic and buckling mechanisms, energy was applied both on the internal wall of the orbit and inferior rim of the orbit. After applying the energy, we calculated the areas of the regions where fracture occurred in the models. Thereafter, we compared the areas among the 3 energy application patterns. When the hydraulic and buckling mechanisms work simultaneously, fracture occurs on wider areas of the orbital walls than when each of these mechanisms works separately. The hydraulic and buckling mechanisms interact, enhancing each other's effect. This information should be taken into consideration when we examine patients in whom blowout fracture is suspected.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)471-476
ページ数6
ジャーナルAnnals of Plastic Surgery
64
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 4 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 外科

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