Intestinal Epithelial Lgr5+ Stem Cell Niche and Organoids

Nobuo Sasaki, Toshiro Sato, Hans Clevers

研究成果: Chapter

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Over the past 10years, insights into the biology of intestinal stem cells have rapidly increased. The adult intestinal epithelium represents one of the most suitable models to study tissue stem cells. It is the rapidly self-renewing tissue and the design of its basic units, the crypt-villus is highly stereotypical. Since the discovery of Lgr5+ stem cells at the base of intestinal crypts, it has become possible to unveil the molecular mechanisms that control homeostasis of the stem cells, including the extrinsic signaling cues from the crypt niche. Based on these insights, in vitro propagation of murine and human intestinal stem cells in the form of ever-expanding organoids has become possible. The three-dimensional culture technology of organoids opens new avenues for studying fundamental questions on the stem cells and their niche, but has also allowed several applications in personalized medicine. Here, we discuss these recent developments and insights.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルBiology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches
出版社Elsevier Inc.
ページ111-125
ページ数15
ISBN(電子版)9780128027561
ISBN(印刷版)9780128027349
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 4 14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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