Background/Aims: Cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC/gro), a member of interleukin-8 family, was found as a potent chemotactic factor for rat neutrophils. Although several chemokines have been shown to be potent regulators of T cell chemotaxis in vitro, the potential role of chemokines in T-cell migration in gut-associated lymphoid tissues has not been investigated in vivo. In the present study, the effects of CINC/gro on T-lymphocyte migration were examined in rat Peyer's patches. Methods: T lymphocytes collected from intestinal lymph of rats were fluorescence-labeled and injected into the jugular vein. Peyer's patches of the recipient rats were observed with intravital fluorescence microscopy and the effects of CINC/gro infusion was investigated. Lymphocyte flux in mesenteric collecting lymphatics was also observed. Results: In vivo infusion of CINC/gro significantly attenuated the initial lymphocyte interaction with postcapillary venules of Peyer's patches. However, once these lymphocytes adhered to venules, CINC/gro treatment significantly accelerated the transendothelial migration of T lymphocytes and they also significantly increased their subsequent flux in collecting lymphatics. Conclusion: There is a possibility that CINC/gro could modulate the characteristics of T lymphocyte homing in the inflammatory sites of gut.
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