Inverse spin-hall effect induced by spin pumping in various metals

Kazuya Ando, Yosuke Kajiwara, Kohei Sasage, Kenichi Uchida, Eiji Saitoh

研究成果: Review article査読

14 被引用数 (Scopus)


The inverse spin-Hall effect (ISHE), conversion of spin currents into electric voltage, was observed in ${\rm Ni}-{81}{\rm Fe}-{19}/N$ ($N={\rm Pt}$, Pd, Ag, and Au) films using the spin pumping at room temperature. The spin pumping driven by magnetization precession in the ${\rm Ni}-{81}{\rm Fe}-{19}$ layer injects a spin current into the $N$ layer, giving rise to an electric potential difference between the edges of the $N$ layer via ISHE. We found resonant electromotive force signals at the ferromagnetic resonance condition in the ${\rm Ni}-{81}{\rm Fe}-{19}/N$ films. The spectral shape of the electromotive force signals are well reproduced by simple Lorentz functions, which is consistent with the prediction of ISHE induced by the spin pumping. The ISHE signal was observed to typically be enhanced in the ${\rm Ni}-{81}{\rm Fe}-{19}/{\rm Pt}$ system, showing the crucial role of the spin-orbit interaction in ISHE induced by the spin pumping.

ジャーナルIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 9 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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