An open lean-premixed hydrogen/air low-swirl (LPHALS) turbulent flame exhibiting a pronounced peak in its combustion noise spectra, is investigated numerically using a hybrid Computational Fluid Dynamics/Computational Aero-Acoustics (CFD/CAA) framework. Under this framework, the reacting flow-field of the flame is computed via Large-Eddy Simulation (LES), while the direct combustion noise it produces is captured by solving the Acoustic Perturbation Equations for Reacting Flows (APE-RF). Flame configuration and simulation conditions correspond to those of an experimental study on an open lean-premixed H2/air flame stabilized using a Low-Swirl Burner (LSB). LES results are validated against experimental data. The CAA simulation is able to predict a pronounced sharp peak in the computed combustion noise spectra, similar to one of the two characteristic peaks observed in the measured combustion noise spectra. Frequency of this spectral peak predicted by the CAA simulation is 840 Hz, which is close to that of the higher frequency secondary spectral peak at 940 Hz measured in the experiment. Upon examining the hybrid LES/APE-RF results, the noise generation mechanism at 840 Hz is found to be the intense local heat release rate fluctuations, caused by strong interaction between the flame and the periodically generated vortical flow structures in the shear layers, downstream of the LSB exit. Additionally, analysis of the spectral content and directivity of the noise generated by different acoustic source terms is performed, in order to investigate their impact on the radiated acoustic field, and hence the characteristics of direct combustion noise produced by the open LPHALS flame.
|ジャーナル||Combustion and Flame|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2022 11月|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)