Background: Few data are available about postdilatation (PD) for the treatment of significant paravalvular aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation of the Edwards valve. Methods and Results: A total of 470 patients, aged 83.4 ± 6.4 yrs, with logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation 21.9 ± 12.3, undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation with the Edwards valve were evaluated. PD was performed using the balloon delivery system when significant paravalvular AR was identified. The diameter of the valve was measured from cine acquisition at three different levels. PD was performed in 49 (10.4%) patients with grade 2, 3, or 4 AR as 42.1%, 55.3%, and 2.6%, respectively. After PD, a reduction of at least 1 degree of AR was achieved in 81.5% of cases. Residual AR grades 2, 3, and 4 were observed in 36.8%, 10.5%, and 0%, respectively. A significant increase in the prosthesis diameter was observed at the three valve levels (absolute Δ 3.5%-5.4%, P.< 0.01). For the 23 mm valve, mid level of valve increased from 23.0 ± 0.4 to 24.1 ± 0.5 mm (P < 0.01) and for the 26 mm, from 25.2 ± 0.9 to 26.6 ± 0.9 mm (P < 0.01). Occurrence of annulus rupture (4.1% vs. 1.7%, P = 0.24), cerebrovascular accidents (2.0% vs. 2.1%, P = 0.72), need for new pacemaker (8.2% vs. 5.5%, P = 0.31), and 30-day composite endpoint (24.5% vs. 20.2%, P = 0.48) were not significantly different between PD and non-PD groups. Conclusions: PD for the treatment of significant paravalvular leak proved to be a feasible treatment allowing a significant increase in valve size and decrease in PVL without increase in stroke rates. This promising approach needs further confirmation.
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