We have measured the thermoelectric power of several germanium single crystals with different isotopic compositions: natural, 96.3%, and 99.99% enriched 70Ge. N- and p-type Ge samples with the net concentration of electrically active impurities <2×1013 cm3 were studied. Our experimental data show a decrease of thermopower with an increase in isotopic mass disorder. This isotope effect is evident at temperatures below approximately 70 K where a phonon-drag part of the thermopower dominates. At high temperatures, in the diffusion regime, the thermopower does not correlate with the isotopic composition within experimental error. The observed isotope effect can be explained with a special phonon-drag contribution induced by a momentum transfer from thermal phonons to low-energy phonons in the enriched samples.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 10 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics