The genome of an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8, contains a single ORF (open reading frame) encoding an RNase-HII-like sequence. Despite the presence of significant amino acid sequence identities with RNase (ribonuclease) HII enzymes, the ORF TTHA0198 could not suppress the temperature-sensitive growth defect of an RNase-H-deficient Escherichia coli mutant and the purified recombinant protein could not cleave an RNA strand of an RNA/DNA heteroduplex, suggesting that the TTHA0198 exhibited no RNase H activity both in vivo and in vitro. When oligomeric RNA-DNA/DNAs were used as a mimic substrate for Okazaki fragments, however, the protein cleaved them only at the 5′ side of the last ribonucleotide at the RNA-DNA junction. In fact, the TTHA0198 protein prefers the RNA-DNA junction to the RNA/DNA hybrid. We have referred to this activity as JRNase (junction RNase) activity, which recognizes an RNA-DNA junction of the RNA-DNA/DNA heteroduplex and cleaves it leaving a mono-ribonucleotide at the 5′ terminus of the RNA-DNA junction. E. coli and Deinococcus radiodurans RNases HII also cleaved the RNA-DNA/DNA substrates at the same site with a different metal-ion preference from that for RNase H activity, implying that the enzymes have JRNase activity as well as RNase H activity. The specialization in the JRNase activity of the RNase HII orthologue from T. thermophilus HB8 (Tth-JRNase) suggests that the JRNase activity of RNase HII enzymes might be independent of the RNase H activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas