Karyotype evolution and multilineage involvement of Philadelphia chromosome-positive clones in blastic transformation of two patients with chronic myelocytic leukemia

Y. Sato, K. Kitano, S. Tsunoda, M. Yoshida, E. Kajii, T. Suda, S. Sakamoto, K. Motoyoshi, M. Saito, Y. Miura

研究成果: Article査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Simultaneous analysis of the cell morphology and karyotypes on single colonies was carried out in two patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph1)-positive chronic myelocytic leukemia in blastic transformation in order to clarify the origin of leukemic cells involved. Patient no. 1 was in a typical myeloblastic transformation and patient no. 2 in 'basophilic transformation'. Both patients exhibited karyotype evolution in blastic phase (BP), so that we could differentiate BP clones with additional chromosomal abnormalities from chronic phase (CP) clones with only Ph1 among single colonies. The number of single colonies yielding two or more analyzable metaphases was 18 in patient no. 1, and 19 in patient no. 2. Among these colonies, only three in patient no. 1 and none in patient no. 2 were from CP clones and 15 in patient no. 1 and 19 in patient no. 2 were from BP clones. Morphological examination revealed that not only blasts but also mature neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, macrophages, and erythroblasts were derived from BP clones. These results suggested that (1) BP clones developed at the pluripotent stem cell level, (2) additional chromosomal abnormalities were not restricted to occur in a specific cell line representative in BP; and (3) BP clones, if not all, may retain capacity for maturation and differentiation.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1561-1567
ページ数7
ジャーナルBlood
71
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1988
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 免疫学
  • 血液学
  • 細胞生物学

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