Kinetoplastid flagellates overlooked by universal primers dominate in the oxygenated hypolimnion of Lake Biwa, Japan

Indranil Mukherjee, Yoshikuni Hodoki, Shin ichi Nakano

研究成果: Article

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Kinetoplastid flagellates, microscopically often detected from various aquatic environments and considered ubiquitous are seldom reported in molecular diversity studies with universal eukaryote DNA primers. To investigate this inconsistency, we examined nanoflagellate diversity in Lake Biwa, Japan by 18S rRNA gene clone libraries using universal eukaryote and kinetoplastid-specific primers. We also examined the abundance of kinetoplastids by Catalyzed Reporter Deposition-Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization. No, kinetoplastid sequences were detected in the universal eukaryote primers library from epilimnion and hypolimnion in different seasons. However, kinetoplastid flagellates were detected with kinetoplastid-specific probe from all of the seasons and contributed up to 11.9 and 36.0% of total eukaryotes in the epilimnion and hypolimnion, respectively. Thus, kinetoplastids probably are a significant, sometimes dominant, group in the hypolimnion, contributing up to 43.7% of the total flagellates. Using group-specific primers, kinetoplastid sequences were also obtained from both epilimnion and hypolimnion library. Therefore, we attributed the inconsistency to the divergent nature of 18S rRNA gene of kinetoplastids, which lead to their undetection in the universal eukaryote primer libraries. This study revealed that kinetoplastids have significant ecological importance in the hypolimnion of Lake Biwa, suggesting that these flagellates have been overlooked in other studies using universal eukaryote primers.

元の言語English
記事番号fiv083
ジャーナルFEMS microbiology ecology
91
発行部数8
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Ecology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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