Susceptibility to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is determined by both environmental and genetic factors. The main gene associated with predisposition to IDDM is HLA. Recent studies have described linkage and association of IDDM to the CTLA-4 gene (IDDM12) in Caucasians. CTLA-4 is a candidate gene for T-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases because it is a negative regulator of T-cell proliferation. We investigated the distribution of a CTLA-4 gene polymorphism in 110 Japanese patients with IDDM and 200 control subjects. In 84 patients, we also investigated associations between this CTLA-4 gene polymorphism and GAD65 antibody positivity. An A/G transition at position 49 of exon 1 was analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. GAD65 antibody was detected using a radioligand binding assay. There was no significant difference in the distribution of CTLA-4 alleles in patients and controls and no difference was observed in prevalence of CTLA-4 alleles when GAD65 antibody-positive and -negative individuals in the IDDM groups were compared. The present study did not support an association between the CTLA-4 gene and IDDM in the Japanese population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy