Lectin microarray technology identifies specific lectins related to lymph node metastasis of advanced gastric cancer

Keishi Yamashita, Atsushi Kuno, Atsushi Matsuda, Yuzuru Ikehata, Natsuya Katada, Jun Hirabayashi, Hisashi Narimatsu, Masahiko Watanabe

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Although various molecular profiling technologies have the potential to predict specific tumor phenotypes, the comprehensive profiling of lectin-bound glycans in human cancer tissues has not yet been achieved. Methods: We examined 242 advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients without or with lymph node metastasis—N0 (n = 62) or N+ (n = 180)—by lectin microarray, and identified the specific lectins highly associated with AGC phenotypes. Results: In seven gastric cancer cell lines, in contrast to expressed-in-cancer lectins, not-expressed-in-cancer (NEC) lectins were tentatively designated by lectin microarray. Binding signals of the specific lectins were robustly reduced in AGC patients with N+ status as compared with those with N0 status. The receiver operating characteristic curve determined the optimal cutoff value to differentiate N0 status from N+ status, and subsequent profiling of NEC lectins identified Vicia villosa agglutinin (VVA) association with the significant other lectins involved in lymph node metastasis. VVA reaction was clearly found on cancer cells, suggesting that it may result from carcinoma–stroma interaction in primary AGC, because VVA is an NEC lectin. Most intriguingly, VVA reaction was remarkably attenuated in the tumor cells of the metastatic lymph nodes, even if it was recognized in primary AGC. In AGC, histological type was strongly associated with soybean agglutinin and Bauhinia purpurea lectin, whereas p53 mutation was the best correlated with Griffonia simplicifolia lectin II. Conclusions: Lectin microarrays can be used to very accurately quantify the reaction of glycans with tumor tissues, and such profiles may represent the specific phenotypes, including N+ status, histological type, or p53 mutation of AGC.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)531-542
ページ数12
ジャーナルGastric Cancer
19
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 4月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘍学
  • 消化器病学
  • 癌研究

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