Cisplatin (CDDP) is an essential anti-tumor agent for chemotherapeutic regimens against various types of cancer. However, the progression of nephrotoxicity, which is the main adverse effect of CDDP, leads to discontinuation of CDDP chemotherapy. Therefore, development of a renopro-tectant against CDDP-induced nephrotoxicity is crucial. Here, the potential of a carbon monoxide (CO)-loaded hemoglobin-vesicle (CO-HbV) as a renoprotectant for CDDP-induced nephrotoxicity was evaluated for its renoprotective effects against CDDP-induced nephrotoxicity, inhibitory effects on the anti-tumor activity of CDDP, and anti-tumor activity. In healthy mice, after pretreatment with either saline, HbV, or CO-HbV prior to CDDP administration, only the CO-HbV pretreatment group ameliorated the progression of CDDP-induced nephrotoxicity by suppressing apoptosis via caspase-3. In experiments using B16-F10 melanoma cells, the half-maximal inhibitory concentration of CDDP decreased with co-incubation with CO-HbV, owing to the anti-tumor activity of CO. CO-HbV pretreatment had no impact on the anti-tumor activity of CDDP in B16-F10 melanoma cell-bearing mice, which was consistent with the results of the cell experiment. Furthermore, CO-HbV pretreatment improved body growth and survival rates. In conclusion, CO-HbV pretreatment is a potent renoprotectant for CDDP-induced nephrotoxicity, allowing treatment with CDDP to be conducted without failure of cancer treatment.
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