Complementary DNA clones for phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase subunits I and II (PRS I and PRS II) were used to determine the chromosomal localization of the corresponding human genes. Southern blot analysis of genomic DNAs isolated from human placenta and a panel of humanmouse somatic cell hybrids revealed that the rat PRS I cDNA probe detected at least five human specific DNA segments (23, 20, 14.5, 6.7, and 4.3 kb) in BamHI digests. The 23-, 14.5-, and 6.7-kb DNA segments were detected only if the hybrids contained human chromosome X or translocation chromosome 7p+ (7qter>7p22::Xq21>Xqter), indicating the location of these segments to Xq21-qter (PRPS1). The 20- and 4.3-kb DNA segments did not cosegregate with the other three segments, and spot blot hybridization analysis using flow-sorted human chromosomes indicated that these are the PRPS1-related genes (PRPS1L1 and PRPS1L2) and could be assigned to chromosomes 7 and 9, respectively. The human-specific PRS II cDNA probe revealed a BamHI DNA segment (17 kb), which segregated condordantly with the X chromosome but not with the PRPS1 gene. We surmise that the gene for PRS II (PRPS2) is located at a different region of the X chromosome, namely Xpter-q21.
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