Long-term efficacy and safety of eculizumab in Japanese patients with PNH: AEGIS trial

Yuzuru Kanakura, Kazuma Ohyashiki, Tsutomu Shichishima, Shinichiro Okamoto, Kiyoshi Ando, Haruhiko Ninomiya, Tatsuya Kawaguchi, Shinji Nakao, Hideki Nakakuma, Jun Ichi Nishimura, Taroh Kinoshita, Camille L. Bedrosian, Keiya Ozawa, Mitsuhiro Omine

研究成果: Article査読

17 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare, progressive hematopoietic stem cell disorder characterized by chronic complement-mediated hemolysis leading to life-threatening complications and early mortality. Eculizumab, a humanized anti-C5 monoclonal antibody, inhibits terminal complement activation, reduces hemolysis, decreases the risk of thrombosis, and improves renal function and quality of life in PNH patients. The long-term efficacy and safety of eculizumab in Japanese patients were assessed in a 2-year extension to a 12-week, open-label study (AEGIS). Eculizumab treatment led to an immediate and sustained reduction in intravascular hemolysis (P < 0.001) and red blood cell transfusions (P = 0.0016) compared with baseline levels. There were no reports of thromboembolism during eculizumab treatment. The majority of patients had stable (56 %) or improved (41 %) renal function and an improved quality of life (P = 0.015), with sustained reductions in fatigue and dyspnea. Eculizumab was well tolerated; no deaths or serious hemolytic events were reported, and the rate of infections declined over time. There were no significant differences in the response to eculizumab in patients with or without bone marrow dysfunction. These results demonstrate that eculizumab is an effective, well-tolerated long-term treatment for Japanese PNH patients and leads to continued amelioration of some hemolytic complications.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)406-416
ページ数11
ジャーナルInternational journal of hematology
98
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 血液学

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