This study investigated the long-term antihypertensive effects of esaxerenone, a novel nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor blocker, alone or in combination with a calcium channel blocker (CCB) or a renin–angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitor, in Japanese patients with essential hypertension. Patients were treated with esaxerenone starting at 2.5 mg/day increasing to 5 mg/day if required to achieve blood pressure (BP) targets as a monotherapy or with a CCB or RAS inhibitor. After the first 12 weeks of treatment, an additional antihypertensive agent could be added if required to achieve the target BP; the total treatment period was 28 or 52 weeks. The primary endpoint was a change from baseline in sitting BP. Of the 368 enrolled patients, 245 received monotherapy, and 59 and 64, respectively, took a CCB or RAS inhibitor concurrently. Mean changes from baseline in sitting systolic/diastolic BP (95% confidence intervals) at weeks 12, 28 and 52 were −16.1 (−17.3, −14.9)/−7.7 (−8.4, −6.9), −18.9 (−20.2, −17.7)/−9.9 (−10.7, −9.2), and −23.1 (−25.0, −21.1)/−12.5 (−13.6, −11.3) mmHg, respectively (all P < 0.0001 vs baseline). Similar BP reductions at these weeks were observed between all patient subgroups stratified by age, and the observed decreases in 24-h ambulatory BP were consistent with the efficacy observed in sitting BP. Esaxerenone was also well-tolerated with a rate of hyperkalemia at 5.4% (serum potassium ≥5.5 mEq/L), indicating a good safety profile for treatment over the long-term or in combination with a CCB or RAS inhibitor. In conclusion, esaxerenone may be a promising treatment option for patients with hypertension.
ASJC Scopus subject areas