Purpose: We investigated the surgical results of secondary thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) using the elephant trunk graft after total aortic arch replacement (TAR) for extensive thoracic aortic lesions. Methods: The subjects comprised 16 patients who underwent TEVAR as a staged procedure following TAR at our institution between 1997 and 2007. Long-term results were retrospectively surveyed (mean observation period 68.4 months). We performed TEVAR with the elephant trunk graft as a proximal landing zone for the descending thoracic repair, the mean duration between TAR and TEVAR was 4.7 weeks for the staged operations and 18.3 months for the nonstaged operations. Results: Early results were good in all cases, with no deaths and no noteworthy complications. For the seven patients without dissection, long-term results were also good. Among the nine patients with dissection, the false lumen in the thoracoabdominal area enlarged in three during follow-up. We performed thoracoabdominal repair in two, but one died of an aneurysm-esophageal fistula. There was only one long-term aneurysm-related death. Conclusion: Second-stage TEVAR using the elephant trunk graft after TAR allows less invasive surgery for extensive aortic lesions and achieves good long-term results. However, enlargement of the false lumen was a long-term concern in patients with aortic dissection, and careful follow-up is essential.
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