The magnetostatic effect of a ferromagnetic particle array on an underlying two-dimensional superconducting Nb thin film was investigated in terms of flux penetration processes by means of high sensitive magnetometry. For bare Nb film, a large drop in magnetization due to a flux rearrangement appeared in the low field region below 2.5 mT. However, once magnetic particles were fabricated on the surface of the Nb film, the drop was not observed. In this configuration, the ferromagnetic particles seem to behave as flux guides for the external magnetic field, whereby the flux distribution inside the superconductor is well regulated. Furthermore, a periodical oscillation was observed in the hysteresis loops. This behavior is associated with a flux quantization in the regions where the superconductivity is suppressed by the stray field of the ferromagnetic particles. The local flux density distribution around the ferromagnetic particles was evaluated by using the London equation, and the magnetization curve of the Nb film with periodically modulated superconducting order parameter was calculated.
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