Preoperative prediction of molecular information of lower-grade gliomas (LrGGs) helps to determine the overall treatment strategy as well as the initial surgical strategy. This study aimed to detect magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) texture parameters to predict the molecular signature of LrGGs using a commercially available software and routine MR images. Forty-three patients treated at Keio University Hospital who had World Health Organization grade II or III gliomas were included. All patients having preoperative T1- and T2-weighted, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and diffusion-weighted (DW) images were also included. Texture analyses of T2, FLAIR, and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histograms were performed using a commercially available software. Texture parameters including kurtosis, skewness, and entropy were investigated to determine any correlation with the presence or absence of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations, 1p/19q codeletion, and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation. ADC skewness and T2 skewness were significantly associated with 1p/19q codeletion status. ADC skewness of ≥ 0.25 predicted 1p/19q codeletion with a sensitivity and specificity of 80% and 65.2%, respectively (AUC = 0.728). T2 skewness of ≥ − 0.11 predicted 1p/19q codeletion with a sensitivity and specificity of 80% and 91.3%, respectively, (AUC = 0.866). None of the texture parameters were associated with IDH mutation and MGMT promoter methylation. MRI texture analysis using a commercially available software demonstrated that T2 skewness could predict 1p/19q codeletion with high sensitivity and specificity, suggesting a clinical utility.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology