Malapportionment and democracy: A curvilinear relationship

Kian Ming Ong, Yuko Kasuya, Kota Mori

研究成果: Article査読

9 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This article examines electoral malapportionment by illuminating the relationship between malapportionment level and democracy. Although a seminal study rejects this relationship, we argue that a logical and empirically significant relationship exists, which is curvilinear and is based on a framework focusing on incumbent politicians' incentives and the constraints they face regarding malapportionment. Malapportionment is lowest in established democracies and electoral authoritarian regimes with an overwhelmingly strong incumbent; it is relatively high in new democracies and authoritarian regimes with robust opposition forces. The seminal study's null finding is due to the mismatch between theoretical mechanisms and choice of democracy indices. Employing an original cross-national dataset, we conduct regression analyses; the results support our claims. Furthermore, on controlling the degree of democracy, the single-member district system's effects become insignificant. Australia, Belarus, the Gambia, Japan, Malaysia, Tunisia, and the United States illustrate the political logic underlying curvilinear relations at democracy's various levels.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)118-127
ページ数10
ジャーナルElectoral Studies
49
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 政治学と国際関係論

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