Objective: To evaluate the role of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 gene expression in the early phase of recovery from liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. Methods: Liver fibrosis was induced in male Wistar rats by administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4) for 10 weeks. Recombinant adenovirus-mediated human MMP-13 gene transfer (RAdMMP-13) was performed via the femoral vein on day 3 after the last CCl 4 injection. The role of MMP-13 in stably expressing cell lines was also analyzed. Results: Fibrous deposition in the liver was decreased in RAdMMP-13-injected rats by day 3 after gene transfer compared with empty vector RAd66-injected rats. Furthermore, MMP-2 and MMP-9 enzymatic activity was markedly enhanced in the liver of RAdMMP-13 injected rats. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induction was also increased in RAdMMP-13 injected rats. In established stable HT-1080 cells transfected with MMP-13, HGF-α expression and MMP-2 and MMP-9 enzymatic activity were increased. The conversion of precursor HGF into mature HGF was also increased in the MMP-13 expressing cell lines. Conclusion: Forced MMP-13 expression effectively accelerated recovery from liver cirrhosis via the effects of MMP-13-mediated HGF, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expression, which induced the degradation of collagen fibers and promoted hepatic regeneration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology