Mechanical properties of poly(ε-caprolactone) composites with electrospun cellulose nanofibers surface modified by 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane

Shunya Inukai, Naruki Kurokawa, Atsushi Hotta

研究成果: Article査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

To enhance the reinforcement effects of regenerated cellulose nanofibers (RC-NF) in poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), we synthesized RC-NF-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APS), the surface-modified RC-NF by APS. The RC-NF were fabricated by the saponification of electrospun cellulose–acetate nanofibers. The surface modification by APS was confirmed by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). To enhance the mechanical property of PCL, the RC-NF and the RC-NF-APS were separately compounded into PCL by compression molding. It was found that, when the fiber concentration of RC-NF-APS was 17 wt %, the Young's modulus at room temperature increased from 698.0 to 744.7 MPa, whereas the storage modulus at 55 °C almost increased from 180 to 220 MPa. The micrographs of the fracture surface of the composites revealed that the surface modification prevented the pull-out of RC-NF from PCL. It was concluded that the mechanical properties of the composites were enhanced due to the improvement of the compatibility between RC-NF and PCL by the surface modification with APS.

本文言語English
論文番号48599
ジャーナルJournal of Applied Polymer Science
137
17
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 5月 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • ポリマーおよびプラスチック
  • 材料化学

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