A rhythmic, sustained, stable potential oscillation was reproducibly observed for a lipid membrane supported by a micropore of a thin membrane tip micropipet. Amplitude and period of the oscillation voltage were controlled by changing the pore diameter. The smaller the hole diameter, the smaller the amplitude and the period became. We call this relationship "size effect." We observed with an optical microscope dynamic behavior of lipids across the oil/water interface, which are formed at a micropore of 2 μm in diameter during self-excited potential oscillation. Periodical movement of a dome-shaped body on the interface is observed, and its expansion and shrinkage are quite synchronous with the potential oscillation. We also applied this self-excited potential oscillation device as a chemical sensor, and reported the effect of chemical substance added into the water phase as a model for the biological chemoreceptive membrane. The experimental results of microscopic observation show that the sensing system using the micropore can distinguish different chemical substances as well as their concentrations, suggesting its application as a chemical sensor.
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