Metabolism and penetration through blood-brain barrier of parkinsonism-related compounds. 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroisoquinoline and 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline

K. Kikuchi, Y. Nagatsu, Y. Makino, T. Mashino, S. Ohta, M. Hirobe

研究成果: Article

49 引用 (Scopus)

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14C-Labeled 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ) and 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (1MeTIQ) were synthesized, and their metabolism and tissue distribution were studied. Both compounds showed similar metabolic patterns. In 24 hr after po administration (50 mg/kg) to rats, 76% of TIQ and 72% of 1MeTIQ were excreted unchanged, and 2.7 and 8.7% were excreted as the 4-hydroxyl derivatives, 4-hydroxy-TIQ and 4-hydroxy-1MeTIQ, respectively. Small amounts of N-methylated metabolites, 2-methyl-TIQ (0.4%) and 2-methyl-1MeTIQ (0.7%) were detected. Isoquinoline (2.5%) also was found as a metabolite of TIQ and 1-methyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline (1.0%) was found as a metabolite of 1MeTIQ. The concentration of labeled compounds in the brain was about 4.5-fold higher than the blood concentration at 4 hr after dosing, and over 90% was unchanged TIQ or 1MeTIQ. These data indicate that TIQ and 1MeTIQ easily passed through the blood-brain barrier and were concentrated in the brain. Thus, it appears that TIQ and 1MeTIQ as endogenous or exogenous amines may accumulate in the brain and may be related to the onset of Parkinson's disease.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)257-262
ページ数6
ジャーナルDrug Metabolism and Disposition
19
発行部数1
出版物ステータスPublished - 1991 3 1
外部発表Yes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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