Background: Metabolomics is useful for analyzing the nutrients necessary for cancer progression, as the proliferation is regulated by available nutrients. We studied the metabolomic profile of gastric cancer (GC) tissue to elucidate the associations between metabolism and recurrence. Methods: Cancer and adjacent non-cancerous tissues were obtained in a pair-wise manner from 140 patients with GC who underwent gastrectomy. Frozen tissues were homogenized and analyzed by capillary electrophoresis time-of-flight mass spectrometry (CE-TOFMS). Metabolites were further assessed based on the presence or absence of recurrence. Results: Ninety-three metabolites were quantified. In cancer tissues, the lactate level was significantly higher and the adenylate energy charge was lower than in non-cancerous tissues. The Asp, β-Ala, GDP, and Gly levels were significantly lower in patients with recurrence than in those without. Based on ROC analyses to determine the cut-off values of the four metabolites, patients were categorized into groups at high risk and low risk of peritoneal recurrence. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard analyses identified β-Ala as an independent predictor of peritoneal recurrence (hazard ratio [HR] 5.21 [95% confidence interval 1.07–35.89], p = 0.029) and an independent prognostic factor for the overall survival (HR 3.44 [95% CI 1.65–7.14], p < 0.001). Conclusions: The metabolomic profiles of cancer tissues differed from those of non-cancerous tissues. In addition, four metabolites were significantly associated with recurrence in GC. β-Ala was both a significant predictor of peritoneal recurrence and a prognostic factor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas