Molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying brain metastasis of breast cancer

研究成果: Review article

抜粋

Metastasis of cancer cells to the brain occurs frequently in patients with certain subtypes of breast cancer. In particular, patients with HER2-positive or triple-negative breast cancer are at high risk for the development of brain metastases. Despite recent advances in the treatment of primary breast tumors, the prognosis of breast cancer patients with brain metastases remains poor. A better understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying brain metastasis might be expected to lead to improvements in the overall survival rate for these patients. Recent studies have revealed complex interactions between metastatic cancer cells and their microenvironment in the brain. Such interactions result in the activation of various signaling pathways related to metastasis in both cancer cells and cells of the microenvironment including astrocytes and microglia. In this review, we focus on such interactions and on their role both in the metastatic process and as potential targets for therapeutic intervention.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)711-720
ページ数10
ジャーナルCancer and Metastasis Reviews
39
発行部数3
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2020 9 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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