Molecular dynamics simulation-guided drug sensitivity prediction for lung cancer with rare EGFR mutations

Shinnosuke Ikemura, Hiroyuki Yasuda, Shingo Matsumoto, Mayumi Kamada, Junko Hamamoto, Keita Masuzawa, Keigo Kobayashi, Tadashi Manabe, Daisuke Arai, Ichiro Nakachi, Ichiro Kawada, Kota Ishioka, Morio Nakamura, Ho Namkoong, Katsuhiko Naoki, Fumie Ono, Mitsugu Araki, Ryo Kanada, Biao Ma, Yuichiro HayashiSachiyo Mimaki, Kiyotaka Yoh, Susumu S. Kobayashi, Takashi Kohno, Yasushi Okuno, Koichi Goto, Katsuya Tsuchihara, Kenzo Soejima

研究成果: Article査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Next generation sequencing (NGS)-based tumor profiling identified an overwhelming number of uncharacterized somatic mutations, also known as variants of unknown significance (VUS). The therapeutic significance of EGFR mutations outside mutational hotspots, consisting of >50 types, in nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is largely unknown. In fact, our pan-nation screening of NSCLC without hotspot EGFR mutations (n = 3,779) revealed that the majority (>90%) of cases with rare EGFR mutations, accounting for 5.5% of the cohort subjects, did not receive EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) as a first-line treatment. To tackle this problem, we applied a molecular dynamics simulation-based model to predict the sensitivity of rare EGFR mutants to EGFR-TKIs. The model successfully predicted the diverse in vitro and in vivo sensitivities of exon 20 insertion mutants, including a singleton, to osimertinib, a third-generation EGFR-TKI (R2 = 0.72, P = 0.0037). Additionally, our model showed a higher consistency with experimentally obtained sensitivity data than other prediction approaches, indicating its robustness in analyzing complex cancer mutations. Thus, the in silico prediction model will be a powerful tool in precision medicine for NSCLC patients carrying rare EGFR mutations in the clinical setting. Here, we propose an insight to overcome mutation diversity in lung cancer.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)10025-10030
ページ数6
ジャーナルProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
116
20
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 5 14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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