There has been no attempt to clarify the status of patients with carotid body tumor (CBT) in Japan. This multi-institutional survey analyzed patients with CBT throughout Japan by gathering information on these patients from institutions that performed head and neck surgeries. Information from a total of 150 patients from 25 institutions from the past 20 years was employed in the present survey. There were 87 females and 63 males, and their mean age was 48.0 years old. The most common chief complaint was a neck mass and the mean suffering period was 46.1 months. Eighteen patients had a family history of paragangliomas and fifteen patients had bilateral CBTs. Among the 94 patients who underwent surgery to remove a CBT, 23 patients had tumors classified as Shamblin type I, 59 had type II and 12 had type III. The most frequent feeding artery of these CBTs was the ascending pharyngeal artery. Preoperative embolization of these arteries was effective in reducing blood loss; however, the operation time in Shamblin type I and II tumors was not improved. Thus these results revealed the status of patients with CBT and their treatment throughout Japan.
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