Conducive polymers have a wide range of applications originating from their π-conjugated systems. The redox reactions of conductive polymers with doping and dedoping of anions have been applied to cathodes for charge storage. In contrast, the redox reactions with cations have not been fully studied in anodes for charge storage. Here, we found that the nanostructures of conductive polymers, such as polypyrrole (PPy) and polythiophene (PTp) derivatives, have reversible redox reactions with cations. The PPy and PTp nanostructures acted as anodes with specific capacities of 157 and 44.4 mA h g–1, respectively, at a current density of 20 mA g–1. The introduction of a carboxy group to the pyrrole and thiophene rings enhanced the specific capacities up to 730 and 963 mAh g–1, respectively. The enhanced electrochemical properties were not observed in the bulk-size conductive polymers. The results suggest that conductive-polymer nanostructures have potential for developing metal-free, high-performance charge storage devices.
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