Myocardin and Prx1 Contribute to Angiotensin II-Induced Expression of Smooth Muscle α-Actin

Tadashi Yoshida, Mark H. Hoofnagle, Gary K. Owens

研究成果: Article査読

64 被引用数 (Scopus)


Previous studies demonstrated that angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertrophy of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) was associated with increased transcription of SM α-actin gene. The aim of the present study was to determine whether myocardin, a SMC-selective cofactor of serum response factor (SRF), contributed to Ang II-induced increases in SM α-actin transcription. Results showed that Ang II increased myocardin mRNA expression as well as SM α-actin mRNA expression via the Ang II type 1 receptor in cultured rat aortic SMCs. Cotransfection studies revealed that CArG elements were required for Ang II-induced transcription of SM α-actin gene, and a dominant-negative form of myocardin or a short interfering RNA (siRNA) specific for myocardin decreased Ang II-induced SM α-actin transcription. Prx1, a homeodomain protein whose expression was increased by Ang II, also increased SM α-actin gene transcription in part via CArG elements, and siRNA specific for Prx1 markedly decreased basal and Ang II-induced SM α-actin transcription. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay showed that myocardin and Ang II, respectively, increased formation of a SMC-specific CArG-SRF-myocardin higher order complex. However, Ang II had no effect on binding between myocardin and SRF as determined by a mammalian two-hybrid assay, suggesting that Ang II-induced increases in formation of CArG-SRF-myocardin complex was the result of increased SRF binding to CArG elements and increased myocardin expression. Taken together, these results support a model in which Ang II-induced increases in expression of SM α-actin are mediated through Prx1-dependent increases in SRF binding to CArG elements and subsequent recruitment of myocardin.

ジャーナルCirculation research
出版ステータスPublished - 2004 4月 30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理学
  • 循環器および心血管医学


「Myocardin and Prx1 Contribute to Angiotensin II-Induced Expression of Smooth Muscle α-Actin」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。