N-cadherin upregulation mediates adaptive radioresistance in glioblastoma

Satoru Osuka, Dan Zhu, Zhaobin Zhang, Chaoxi Li, Christian T. Stackhouse, Oltea Sampetrean, Jeffrey J. Olson, G. Yancey Gillespie, Hideyuki Saya, Christopher D. Willey, Erwin G. Van Meir

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Glioblastoma (GBM) is composed of heterogeneous tumor cell populations, including those with stem cell properties, termed glioma stem cells (GSCs). GSCs are innately less radiation sensitive than the tumor bulk and are believed to drive GBM formation and recurrence after repeated irradiation. However, it is unclear how GSCs adapt to escape the toxicity of repeated irradiation used in clinical practice. To identify important mediators of adaptive radioresistance in GBM, we generated radioresistant human and mouse GSCs by exposing them to repeat cycles of irradiation. Surviving subpopulations acquired strong radioresistance in vivo, which was accompanied by a reduction in cell proliferation and an increase in cell-cell adhesion and N-cadherin expression. Increasing N-cadherin expression rendered parental GSCs radioresistant, reduced their proliferation, and increased their stemness and intercellular adhesive properties. Conversely, radioresistant GSCs lost their acquired phenotypes upon CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockout of N-cadherin. Mechanistically, elevated N-cadherin expression resulted in the accumulation of β-catenin at the cell surface, which suppressed Wnt/β-catenin proliferative signaling, reduced neural differentiation, and protected against apoptosis through Clusterin secretion. N-cadherin upregulation was induced by radiation-induced IGF1 secretion, and the radiation resistance phenotype could be reverted with picropodophyllin, a clinically applicable blood-brain-barrier permeable IGF1 receptor inhibitor, supporting clinical translation.

本文言語English
論文番号e136098
ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Investigation
131
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 3 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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