Water transport must be efficiency controlled for the future sustainability of life. Various water transport systems using carbon nanotubes have been proposed in recent years. Although these systems are more permeable than aquaporins, their water transport is passive. In this study, we successfully demonstrate an active water pump driven by simple hydrophobic interaction through computer simulation. Even in the absence of a pressure- or density-gradient, the proposed pump can actively transport water molecules by alternately switching the hydrophobicity of the pump surface. The water transport rate can be easily controlled by varying the time interval of switching. The pump with optimized switching time exhibits prominent water permeance. The results obtained herein can be applied in various water transport technologies because of the simple mechanics. The proposed water pump has the potential to realize an effective device such as a low-energy artificial purification system.
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