Neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin for muscle-invasive bladder cancer

Gou Kaneko, Eiji Kikuchi, Kazuhiro Matsumoto, Jun Obata, So Nakamura, Akira Miyajima, Mototsugu Oya

研究成果: Article査読

29 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Objective: Downstaging by neoadjuvant chemotherapy improves the survival of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. In salvage setting, gemcitabine plus cisplatin has demonstrated an efficacy similar to that of methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin with less toxicity. Therefore, the application of neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin is also being anticipated. Methods: Twenty-two patients who received neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin were evaluated. The rate of downstaging, chemotherapy delivery profile and toxicity data were assessed. As comparator group, nine patients who were administered with neoadjuvant methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin were evaluated. Results: A mean of 1.9 cycles of neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin were performed. Achieved drug intensity for gemcitabine and cisplatin was 83.8 and 95.4%. Downstaging to pT0 and <pT2 was achieved in 50.0 and 63.6%. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia and febrile neutropenia appeared in 14.3, 2.4, 21.4 and 2.4%, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicity was not observed. Thrombocytosis developed in 26.2%. A mean of 2.3 cycles of neoadjuvant methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin were performed. The achieved drug intensities for methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin were 59.6, 69.8, 100 and 88.6%. In patients treated with neoadjuvant methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin, downstaging to pT0 and <pT2 was achieved in 22.2 and 44.4%. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia, anemia and thrombocytopenia was present in 19.1, 9.5 and 4.8%. Grade 3 nausea developed in 28.6%. Conclusions: The rate of downstaging by neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin was comparable with that by methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin. Gemcitabine plus cisplatin was associated with less non-hematologic toxicity than methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin.

本文言語English
論文番号hyr068
ページ(範囲)908-914
ページ数7
ジャーナルJapanese journal of clinical oncology
41
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘍学
  • 放射線学、核医学およびイメージング
  • 癌研究

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