We study the effect of noise on the tunneling process of the magnetization in a sweeping field from the viewpoint of the nonadiabatic transition. The tunneling probability depends on the properties of the noise, e.g. the direction, the amplitude, and the relaxation time of the autocorrelation function. We investigate the tunneling probability in the presence of noise by solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation numerically. We estimate the effective tunneling gap making use of the Landau-Zener-Stückelberg (LZS) formula. The dependence of the gap on the sweeping velocity reproduces the corresponding experimental data qualitatively. The estimated gap has no velocity dependence for a fast sweeping field and this gap seems to give the true gap. However, we show that a correction for the estimated energy gap is necessary and we propose a correction formula.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2002|
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