Background. Phospholipids concentration in the gastric mucosa decreased in patients with Helicobacter pylori infection. The aim of this study is to examine the effects of eradication of H. pylori on decreasing the phospholipids concentration in the gastric mucosa in patients with gastric or duodenal ulcer. Materials and Methods. Phospholipids (phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and sphingonomyeline) were measured in biopsy specimens from the antrum and corpus using thin-layer chromatography. In H. pylori positive patients with gastric ulcer (n = 26) and duodenal ulcer (n = 13), and H. pylori negative controls (n = 20), the biopsy specimens were obtained before and 3 months after eradication. Eradication was performed using lansoprazole, amoxycillin, and clarithromycin. Results. Compared with the H. pylori negative control group, the concentrations of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine decreased significantly in the gastric ulcer group in both antrum and corpus mucosa, and in the duodenal ulcer group in antrum mucosa. This decrease returned to the control level after eradication. Conclusions. This study demonstrates that the eradication of H. pylori in patients with peptic ulcer normalized the decrease of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine in the gastric mucosa.
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