Novel repressor regulates insulin sensitivity through interaction with Foxo1

Jun Nakae, Yongheng Cao, Fumihiko Hakuno, Hiroshi Takemori, Yoshinaga Kawano, Risa Sekioka, Takaya Abe, Hiroshi Kiyonari, Toshiya Tanaka, Juro Sakai, Shin Ichiro Takahashi, Hiroshi Itoh

研究成果: Article査読

27 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Forkhead box-containing protein o (Foxo) 1 is a key transcription factor in insulin and glucose metabolism. We identified a Foxo1-CoRepressor (FCoR) protein in mouse adipose tissue that inhibits Foxo1's activity by enhancing acetylation via impairment of the interaction between Foxo1 and the deacetylase Sirt1 and via direct acetylation. FCoR is phosphorylated at Threonine 93 by catalytic subunit of protein kinase A and is translocated into nucleus, making it possible to bind to Foxo1 in both cytosol and nucleus. Knockdown of FCoR in 3T3-F442A cells enhanced expression of Foxo target and inhibited adipocyte differentiation. Overexpression of FCoR in white adipose tissue decreased expression of Foxo-target genes and adipocyte size and increased insulin sensitivity in Lepr db/db mice and in mice fed a high-fat diet. In contrast, Fcor knockout mice were lean, glucose intolerant, and had decreased insulin sensitivity that was accompanied by increased expression levels of Foxo-target genes and enlarged adipocytes. Taken together, these data suggest that FCoR is a novel repressor that regulates insulin sensitivity and energy metabolism in adipose tissue by acting to fine-tune Foxo1 activity.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2275-2295
ページ数21
ジャーナルEMBO Journal
31
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 5月 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経科学(全般)
  • 分子生物学
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 免疫学および微生物学(全般)

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